Public procurement of family farming in Brazil
Adjunct Professor at the University of Brasília (UnB). Brasília, Federal District, Brazil. Postdoctoral from the Graduate Program of Social Sciences in Development, Agriculture and Society. PhD. in Economic Development. Master in Agribusiness. Graduation in Agronomy.
Please cite the paper as:
Armando Fornazier, (2016), Public procurement of family farming in Brazil, World Economics Association (WEA) Conferences, No. 2 2016, Food and Justice, 5th November to 15th December 2016
Family farming in Brazil has specific policies. Regarding agricultural commercialization, in 2003, the federal government launched the Zero Hunger strategy and took actions to promote food and nutrition security to eradicate hunger in Brazil. The Food Procurement Program (PAA) was set up with a view to acquiring food to donate to social organizations and to establish strategic stocks. The market was expanded in 2009 when it was provided by law that a minimum of 30% of the federal grant for National School Feeding Programme (PNAE) to states and municipalities should be spent in the acquisition of family farmed production. The objective of this study is to describe the public procurement programs of family farming in Brazil. For this is used mainly literature sources. It is found that in relation to PAA were created new forms in order to include new farmers and new beneficiaries. Currently there are six purchasing modalities of family farming. For purchases for school feeding (PNAE), even though be mandatory to purchase 30% family farming, some cities especially large urban centers are having trouble to comply with the law. The problems occur due to the difficulties of organization of farmers, infrastructure, political willingness, etc. However, in smaller municipalities the program has achieved the minimum purchase and in some municipalities purchased more than the minimum required. Thus, in addition to encouraging local farmers encourages the consumption of fresh and healthy products for children.